1. Extinction of animals/ plant species
* Death of all members of a species
* Extinct animals include the dodo, the quagga and the Tasmanian tiger.
Tasmanian tiger Dodo
2. Endangered species
* Species of animals and plants facing the threat of extinction.
* Endangered animals : turtles, deer, rhinoceros, tapirs and pandas.
* Endangered plants : Rafflesia and the pitcher plant
Rafflesia Pitcher plant
3. Factors that cause the extinction of animals and plants:
* illegal and excessive logging
* poaching and excessive hunting
* excessive development
* illegal mining
* extensive agriculture
4. Efforts undertaken to protect endangered animals and plants:
* preventing excessive logging
* enforcing laws against poaching and illegal logging
* avoiding consumption of products made from endangered species
* educating the public on the importance of conserving animal and plant species
* setting up breeding centers for endangered animal species
* establishing forest reserves
* replanting endangered plant species